While many media sites are only now reporting about Pit Crew CPR and calling it a new form of CPR, the technique has actually been around for a several years already. In truth, the idea is nothing earth shattering.
The idea behind Pit Crew CPR is simple. You have a team of people trained in delivering advanced CPR where each individual is assigned a specific task similar to how each member of a Pit Crew has a specific task. In a NASCAR Pit Crew, for example, each individual is assigned a specific role. There are six individuals where you have four guys in charge of changing tires, one person operates the jack and the other guy is the fueler. A good NASCAR pit crew can get the job done in 12 secs whereas an F1 pit crew can do the job at a blazingly fast 5 seconds.
In a CPR Pit Crew each member is trained to move just as fast. they know exactly what their role is and are trained to act that role when approaching a patient in cardiac arrest.
In a typical CPR Pit Crew, there can be anywhere from 3 people to 6 people attending to the patient. The layout and roles is as follows:
Rescuer 1: kneels at the right side of the patient and assess for pulse. If there is no pulse then he/she initiates 100 compressions pushing hard and fast. After the first 100 compressions. He / she ventilates the patient either with a BVM (Bag Valve Mask) or by performing mouth-to-mouth.
Rescuer 2: Brings and operates the AED (Automatic External Defibrillator). He/she kneels at the left side of the patient and takes over after the first 100 compressions initiated by Rescuer 1 and performs another 100 compressions. During the initial 100 compressions, he / she ventilates the patient.
Rescuer 3: kneels at the head of the patient and opens and manages the airway. He/she will be responsible to make sure the airway is clear, insert an OPA to help keep the airway open, and maintain the seal of the BVM mask
Rescuer 4: Team leader in charge of overseeing the treatment of the patient and assist wherever is needed.
The key to successful CPR is reacting quickly and providing care immediately. The sooner chest compressions begin and the sooner an AED is used increases the survival rate of the victim significantly. Early compressions and deployment and use of an AED can double the chance of survival if used within the first few minutes of a person in cardiac arrest.
If people respond to a victim in cardia arrest and are not sure what their role is exactly they could reduce the chance of survival. Also, if a person who isn’t properly trained in a specific role or maybe they arent the best trained for that specific role they may end up providing inferior care. In Pit Crew CPR, each rescuer knows how to exceptionally perform his / her job. There is no confusion or inferior care provided as a result the patient can get the proper treatment in a quick and organized manner thus increasing the chance of survival.
One final word, while a CPR Pit Crew is mostly for First Responders, anyone with proper CPR training should be able to react immediately and begin providing chest compressions early. While compressions are being performed one can summon others to get the AED. Therefore its always essential for people to have CPR training. Why wait for an emergency to decide its time to get trained.
TorontoCPR.ca offers CPR training courses as well as Standard and Emergency First Aid training. If you or your organization is interested in getting trained please contact us at 1 (877) 407-3789 to schedule a course. You can view our selection of courses here.